Treatment for Macular Degeneration
How is macular degeneration treated?
Although the exact causes of macular degeneration are not fully understood, antioxidant vitamins and zinc may reduce the impact of AMD in some people.
A large scientific study found that people at risk for developing advanced stages of AMD lowered their risk by about greater than 25% when treated with a combination of vitamin C, vitamin E, Lutein, Zeathanthin, Zinc and copper. Among those who have either no AMD or very early AMD, the supplements did not appear to provide an apparent benefit.
It is very important to remember that vitamin supplements are not a cure for AMD, nor will they restore vision that you may have already lost from the disease. However, specific amounts of these supplements do play a key role in helping some people at high risk for advanced AMD to maintain their vision.
You should speak with your ophthalmologist to determine if you are at risk for developing advanced AMD, and to learn if supplements are recommended for you.
Follow this link for more information on Treatment for Macular Degeneration with Supplements.
Injections with Anti-VEGF, Laser Surgery and PDT Treatments:
Recent advances in treating Wet Macular Degeneration, target a specific chemical in the eye that is critical in causing abnormal blood vessels to grow under the retina, which leads to wet macular degeneration.
That chemical is called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Anti-VEGF drugs block the trouble-causing VEGF, reducing the growth of abnormal blood vessels and slowing their leakage. For details on Anti-VEGF, see Treatment of Wet Macular Degeneration With Anti-VEGF.
Alternatively, certain types of “wet” macular degeneration can be treated with laser surgery, a brief outpatient procedure that uses a focused beam of light to slow or stop leaking blood vessels that damage the macula. A treatment called photodynamic therapy (PDT) uses a combination of a special drug and laser treatment to slow or stop leaking blood vessels.
These procedures may preserve more sight overall, though they are not cures that restore vision to normal. Despite advanced medical treatment, many people with macular degeneration still experience some vision loss. Early detection and treatment may minimize vision loss.
Adapting to low vision
To help you adapt to lower vision levels, your ophthalmologist can prescribe optical devices or refer you to a low-vision specialist or center. A wide range of support services and rehabilitation programs are also available to help people with macular degeneration maintain a satisfying lifestyle.
Because side vision is usually not affected, a person remaining sight is very useful. Often, people can continue with many of their favorite activities by using low-vision optical devices such as magnifying devices, closed-circuit television, large-print reading materials and talking or computerized devices.
Follow this link for further information on Living with Vision Loss.
Testing your vision with the Amsler grid
You can check your vision daily by using an Amsler grid like the one pictured here. You may find changes in your vision that you wouldn’t notice otherwise. Putting the grid on the front of your refrigerator is a good way to remember to look at it each day.
- Wear your reading glasses and hold this grid 12-15 inches away from your face in good light.
- Cover one eye.
- Look directly at the center dot with the uncovered eye.
- While looking directly at the center dot, note whether all lines of the grid are straight or if any areas are distorted, blurred or dark.
- Repeat this procedure with the other eye.
- If any area of the grid looks wavy, blurred or dark, contact your ophthalmologist immediately.
Follow this link for a Video Demonstration of Using the Amsler Grid.
For more information, please contact:
The American Academy of Ophthalmology
The American Macular Degeneration Foundation
Foundation Fighting Blindness
Demonstration of Using the Amsler Grid
- Anatomy of the Eye
- Diabetes and the Eye
- Diabetic Retinopathy – What is it and how is it detected?
- Treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy
- Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (NPDR) – Video
- Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy (PDR) – Video
- Cystoid Macular Edema
- Vitreous Hemorrhage – Bleeding from diabetes (Video)
- Vitrectomy Surgery for Vitreous Hemorrhage (Video)
- Macular Edema
- Laser Procedures for Macular Edema (Video)
- Laser for Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy – PDR (Video)
- How the Eye Sees (Video)
- Dilating Eye Drops
- Dry Eyes and Tearing
- Eye Lid Problems
- A Word About Eyelid Problems
- Bells Palsy
- Blepharoptosis – Droopy Eyelids (Video)
- Dermatochalasis – excessive upper eyelid skin (Video)
- Ectropion – Sagging Lower Eyelids (Video)
- Entropion – Inward Turning Eyelids (Video)
- How to Apply Warm Compresses
- Ocular Rosacea
- Removing Eyelid Lesions
- Styes and Chalazion
- Twitches or Spasms
- Floaters and Flashes
- Selective Laser Trabeculoplasty (SLT) for Glaucoma
- Glaucoma: What is it and how is it detected?
- Optical Coherence Tomography OCT – Retina & Optic Nerve Scan
- Treatment for Glaucoma
- Retinal Nerve Fibers and Glaucoma (Video)
- Open Angle Glaucoma (Video)
- Closed Angle Glaucoma (Video)
- Visual Field Test for Glaucoma
- Glaucoma and Blind Spots (Video)
- Treatment for Glaucoma with Laser Iridotomy (Video)
- Laser Treatment for Glaucoma with ALT and SLT (Video)
- Surgical Treatment for Glaucoma with Trabeculectomy (Video)
- Surgical Treatment of Glaucoma with Seton (Video)
- Keeping Eyes Healthy
- Laser Vision Correction
- Latisse for Eyelashes
- Macular Degeneration
- Macular Degeneration – What is it and how is it detected?
- Treatment for Macular Degeneration
- Dry Macular Degeneration (Video)
- Wet Macular Degeneration (Video)
- Treatment of Macular Degeneration with Supplements
- Treatment of Wet Macular Degeneration with Anti-VEGF Injections
- Amsler Grid – A home test for Macular Degeneration (Video)
- Living with Vision Loss
- How the Eye Works – The Macula (Video)
- Other Eye Conditions
- Central Serous Retinopathy
- Lattice Degeneration of the Retina
- A Word About Other Eye Conditions
- Carotid Artery Disease and the Eye
- Fuch’s Corneal Dystrophy
- Herpes Simplex and the Eye
- Herpes Zoster (Shingles) and the Eye
- Ischemic Optic Neuropathy
- Macular Hole
- Macular Pucker
- Microvascular Cranial Nerve Palsy
- Migraine and the Eye
- Optic Neuritis
- Pseudotumor Cerebri
- Retinal Vein Occlusion
- Retinitis Pigmentosa
- Retinopathy of Prematurity
- Thyroid Disorders and the Eye
- Vitreomacular Adhesions / Vitreomacular Traction Syndrome
- Red Eye
- Refractive Errors
- Retinal Tears and Detachments
This Patient Education Center is provided for informational and educational purposes only. It is NOT intended to provide, nor should you use it for, instruction on medical diagnosis or treatment, and it does not provide medical advice. The information contained in the Patient Education Center is compiled from a variety of sources. It does NOT cover all medical problems, eye diseases, eye conditions, ailments or treatments.
You should NOT rely on this information to determine a diagnosis or course of treatment. The information should NOT be used in place of an individual consultation, examination, visit or call with your physician or other qualified health care provider. You should never disregard the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider because of any information you read on this site or any web sites you visit as a result of this site.
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